New York Books - Orange County
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New York - Orange County

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Other County Resources

Books on County Genealogy and History

City of Newburgh Archives

History of the Town of Highlands

History of the Town of Wallkill

History of the Town of Woodbury

History of the Village of Washingtonville

Map of Orange Co. (1895)

New Windsor Online Records

Official NY State Website

Official Orange Co. Website

Orange Co. GenWeb Project

U. S. Military Academy at West Point


The first National Historic Landmark designated in the United States is in Orange County. Washington Headquarters State Historic Site in Newburgh is the former home of Jonathan Hasbrouck, used by General George Washington as his headquarters at the end of the Revolutionary War in 1782 and 1783.

Dating back to its formation under a colonial law of 1683, Orange is one of the oldest of the counties in the State. It was reestablished in 1788, and had its boundaries finally determined April 3, I80I. In 1799, Rockland was set off, and five towns from Ulster added. Newburgh and Goshen were jointly the shire villages. The county was divided at this time into the towns of Blooming Grove, Chesekook, Deer Park, Goshen, Minisink, Montgomery, New Windsor, Newburgh, Wallkill and Warwick. The county has an area of nearly half a million square acres; fronts on both the Hudson and Delaware, and is bounded on the south and west by the States of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Sullivan and Ulster counties supply the west and north lines, the Hudson the east.

Few sections of New York can equal the district in the variety and picturesqueness of terrain. The most and best of the Hudson highlands, with Storm King, Cro'Nest and Bear Mountain dominating the landscape, is one of its natural beauties. The central part is one wide range of rolling surface, broken by deep valleys; on the west are the Shawangunk mountains. There are valleys in which the richest bottom lands have been cultivated for more than two centuries, such as the Neversink. Lakes are to be seen in profusion, some of the best roads making them accessible to all. Even the swamp lands, such as those in the "Drowned Lands," have both charm and utility, since drainage has been used in their development. The geology is as interesting as the topography, although minerals of commercial value are few.

Of the part played by the county in the history of the State and Nation, it is well to recall that this section was intimately associated with some of the crucial events of the Revolution. Not only was there a continuous movement of troops through the region, for West Point was on the county's frontier, but near the close, the last cantonment of the war was in Orange, and Washington passed the greater part of his time here. When the army went into winter headquarters at Little Britain in 1782, with the end of the war in sight, there grew the idea that a republic was an impossibility as a form of government, and Washington was suggested as the king of a limited monarchy. He was a resident of the county when such an offer was made to him by Colonel Nicola. The stern rejection of the idea is well known, and in his utterance he assured the establishment of a free government.

Source: James Sullivan. History of New York State 1523-1927. 1927

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Click on the links below for book titles and history specific to that county.

From what or whom did the name of each county originate? Click here to find out.

County Date
Parent County County
Albany 1683 original county Albany
Allegany 1806 Genesee Belmont
Bronx 1914 New York Bronx
Broome 1806 Tioga Binghamton
Cattaraugus 1808 Genesee Little Valley
Cayuga 1799 Onondaga Auburn
Charlotte 1772 Albany renamed Washington in 1784
Chautauqua 1808 Genesee Mayville
Chemung 1798 Tioga Elmira
Chenango 1798 Herkimer, Tioga Norwich
Clinton 1788 Washington Plattsburgh
Columbia 1786 Albany Hudson
Cortland 1808 Onondoga Cortland
Delaware 1797 Ulster, Otsego Delhi
Dutchess 1683 original county Poughkeepsie
Erie 1821 Niagara Buffalo
Essex 1799 Clinton Elizabethtown
Franklin 1808 Clinton Malone
Fulton 1838 Montgomery Johnstown
Genesee 1802 Ontario Batavia
Greene 1800 Ulster, Albany Catskill
Hamilton 1816 Montgomery Lake Pleasant
Herkimer 1791 Montgomery Herkimer
Jefferson 1805 Oneida Watertown
1683 Original county Brooklyn
Lewis 1805 Oneida Lowville
Livingston 1821 Genesee, Ontario Geneseo
Madison 1806 Chenango Wampsville
Monroe 1821 Genesee, Ontario Rochester
Montgomery 1772 Albany (as Tryon to 1784) Fonda
Nassau 1899 Queens Mineola
New York City
1683 Original county New York
Niagara 1808 Genesee Lockport
Oneida 1798 Herkimer Utica
Onondaga 1794 Herkimer Syracuse
Ontario 1789 Montgomery Canandaigua
Orange 1683 Original county Goshen
Orleans 1824 Genesee Albion
Oswego 1816 Oneida, Onondaga Oswego, Pulaski
Otsego 1791 Montgomery Cooperstown
Putnam 1812 Dutchess Carmel
Queens 1683 Original county Jamaica
Rensselaer 1791 Albany Troy
Staten Island
1683 Original county St. George
Rockland 1798 Orange New City
St. Lawrence 1802 Clinton, Herkimer, Montgomery Canton
Saratoga 1791 Albany Ballston Spa
Schenectady 1809 Albany Schenectady
Schoharie 1795 Albany, Ostego Schoharie
Schuyler 1854 Tompkins, Steuben, Chemung Watkins Glen
Seneca 1804 Cayuga Ovid, Waterloo
Steuben 1796 Ontario Bath
Suffolk 1683 Original county Riverhead
Sullivan 1809 Ulster Monticello
Tioga 1791 Montgomery Owego
Tompkins 1817 Cayuga, Seneca Ithaca
Tryon 1772 Albany (renamed Montgomery 1784)
Ulster 1683 Original county Kingston
Warren 1813 Washington Lake George
Washington 1772 Albany (see Charlotte) Hudson Falls
Wayne 1823 Ontario, Seneca Lyons
Westchester 1683 Original county White Plains
Wyoming 1841 Genesee Warsaw
Yates 1823 Ontario, Steuben Penn Yan

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