New York Books - Cortland County
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New York - Cortland County

Click on these titles to check out books on this county.
Islands of Holiness: Rural Religion in Upstate New York, 1790-1860
Curtis D. Johnson
Pioneer History, or, Cortland County and the Border Wars of New York . . .
Hermon Camp Goodwin
157th New York Volunteer (Infantry) Regiment: 1862-1865, Madison and Cortland Counties
Isabel Bracy
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(This history was published in 1860)

Other County Resources

Books on County Genealogy and History

City of Cortland Website

Cortland Co. GenWeb Project

Early County History

Map of Cortland Co.

Map of Cortland Co. (1895)

Official NY State Website

Online Pioneer History of Cortland Co. (1859)

Town of Preble Website

Village of Homer Website

The Tioughnioga was the main highway over which products were exported and imported. As early as 1814 it was established by the Legislature as a public highway. Settlers came, boats were loaded at Port Watson (now in the village of Cortland) and sent down the Chenango, to the Susquehanna River and to the Pennsylvania ports. The lakes, the Otselic Valley, the little streams which are found in all parts of Cortland were what originally drew settlers here and are still, to this day the best part of the county. The settlement of Cortland County was fairly late. There were no permanent residents prior to 1791. Joseph Beebe, his wife, and Amos Todd, his brother, built the first homes on the Tioughnioga near Homer. The streams farther south were well populated by this time, and once folks found out about this area the increase of settlers was swift. By 1797 there were more than 100 people in the valley and in 1810 the population of Homer alone was nearly 3000.

The War of 1812 had a dramatic effect on the area. It was a period of settling down and adjustment. During this time a jail was built and a county clerk's office as well. Roads were added or improved.. The old State Road of 1792 passed through the towns of Willett, Virgil, and Marathon, and then to Cortland in 1806. Later came Stage Routes to other points. The Cortland to Syracuse Stage Road was finished in 1850, and took passengers in relative comfort from one place to the other in 6 hours. New industries came to the county. In 1815 the first practical nail making machinery in the State was installed by William Smith in the rear of his sawmill. This was a self feeding device that received the metal at one side and turned out perfect cut nails, all marked with an S, at the other. Other industry followed most occurring in the towns of Cortland and Homer. The opening of the Erie Canal to the north in 1829 didn't help the Cortland area and even slowed growth here for a time. However the railroad, in 1854, really encouraged rapid growth and the population surge.

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From what or whom did the name of each county originate? Click here to find out.

County Date
Parent County County
Albany 1683 original county Albany
Allegany 1806 Genesee Belmont
Bronx 1914 New York Bronx
Broome 1806 Tioga Binghamton
Cattaraugus 1808 Genesee Little Valley
Cayuga 1799 Onondaga Auburn
Charlotte 1772 Albany renamed Washington in 1784
Chautauqua 1808 Genesee Mayville
Chemung 1798 Tioga Elmira
Chenango 1798 Herkimer, Tioga Norwich
Clinton 1788 Washington Plattsburgh
Columbia 1786 Albany Hudson
Cortland 1808 Onondoga Cortland
Delaware 1797 Ulster, Otsego Delhi
Dutchess 1683 original county Poughkeepsie
Erie 1821 Niagara Buffalo
Essex 1799 Clinton Elizabethtown
Franklin 1808 Clinton Malone
Fulton 1838 Montgomery Johnstown
Genesee 1802 Ontario Batavia
Greene 1800 Ulster, Albany Catskill
Hamilton 1816 Montgomery Lake Pleasant
Herkimer 1791 Montgomery Herkimer
Jefferson 1805 Oneida Watertown
1683 Original county Brooklyn
Lewis 1805 Oneida Lowville
Livingston 1821 Genesee, Ontario Geneseo
Madison 1806 Chenango Wampsville
Monroe 1821 Genesee, Ontario Rochester
Montgomery 1772 Albany (as Tryon to 1784) Fonda
Nassau 1899 Queens Mineola
New York City
1683 Original county New York
Niagara 1808 Genesee Lockport
Oneida 1798 Herkimer Utica
Onondaga 1794 Herkimer Syracuse
Ontario 1789 Montgomery Canandaigua
Orange 1683 Original county Goshen
Orleans 1824 Genesee Albion
Oswego 1816 Oneida, Onondaga Oswego, Pulaski
Otsego 1791 Montgomery Cooperstown
Putnam 1812 Dutchess Carmel
Queens 1683 Original county Jamaica
Rensselaer 1791 Albany Troy
Staten Island
1683 Original county St. George
Rockland 1798 Orange New City
St. Lawrence 1802 Clinton, Herkimer, Montgomery Canton
Saratoga 1791 Albany Ballston Spa
Schenectady 1809 Albany Schenectady
Schoharie 1795 Albany, Ostego Schoharie
Schuyler 1854 Tompkins, Steuben, Chemung Watkins Glen
Seneca 1804 Cayuga Ovid, Waterloo
Steuben 1796 Ontario Bath
Suffolk 1683 Original county Riverhead
Sullivan 1809 Ulster Monticello
Tioga 1791 Montgomery Owego
Tompkins 1817 Cayuga, Seneca Ithaca
Tryon 1772 Albany (renamed Montgomery 1784)
Ulster 1683 Original county Kingston
Warren 1813 Washington Lake George
Washington 1772 Albany (see Charlotte) Hudson Falls
Wayne 1823 Ontario, Seneca Lyons
Westchester 1683 Original county White Plains
Wyoming 1841 Genesee Warsaw
Yates 1823 Ontario, Steuben Penn Yan

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