New York Books - Cayuga County
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New York - Cayuga County

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Books on
Pres. Millard Fillmore,
native of Cayuga Co.

Millard Fillmore

Robert J. Scarry
Published 2001

Millard Fillmore (United States Presidents)

Paul Joseph
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Books on County Genealogy and History

Cayuga Co. GenWeb Project

Cayuga Co. Official Website

History of Auburn Prison

Map of Cayuga Co. (1895)

NY State Official Website

In the years following the close of the Revolutionary War, veterans and others headed west to settle the first frontier of their new, sovereign nation. This western frontier included what is now known as Auburn and Cayuga County.

Once open to settlers, the development of Cayuga County set off at a rapid pace with veterans of Sullivan's campaign laying claim to areas they recorded during the days of warring with the Cayuga Indians. Among these veterans was John Hardenbergh, who in 1792, settled his claim on the Owasco Outlet and established a village that in twenty-five short years would become a thriving metropolis with a new state prison. Originally called "Hardenbergh's Corners," the village's name was soon changed to Auburn.

Bypassed by the Erie Canal and eventually the New York State Thruway, Auburn has had to define itself almost independently. It is because of its location away from the main lines of transportation that Auburn has been able to maintain its small size and its unique charecter.

The 1800s were a prosperous time for Auburn and the rest of Cayuga County. The small urban community of Auburn played a crucial role in the industrialization of America. Hardwork, crafted skills, and ingenuity created an industrial boom throughout the county.

It was a time for entreprenuers in Cayuga County during the 1800s. John D. Rockefeller, who was raised on a farm overlooking Owasco Lake, brought to life Standard Oil. Another man, Issac Singer, kept a merchant's shop and sawmill in nearby Port Byron. After keeping the business close to home for many years, he expanded nationally and then globally, bringing the world the Singer Sewing Machine Company.

A variety of inventions found their roots in Cayuga County, as well. Cyrenus Wheeler invented and manufactured the famous Cayuga Chief drop reaper in the 1850s. D.M. Osborne had a direct impact on the 19th century agricultural revolution by developing dozens of new labor-saving agricultural devices.

During this time the city of Auburn had been growing by as much as 10% per year. By 1900, Auburn contained 350 manufacturing plants employing more than 6,000 workers.

Born on a farm in Cayuga County, New York on January 7, 1800, Millard Fillmore was one of the original "log cabin to the White House" Presidents. With little formal education, Fillmore was admitted to the New York State Bar at age 23, and by the time he was 30, he served on the New York State Assembly. When Fillmore succeeded Zachary Taylor to the United States Presidency in 1850, he signed the Fugitive Slave Act as part of the Compromise of 1850. Ultimately, Fillmore's support of this act, marked the end of his political career when his own party did not nominate him for re-election.



Click on the links below for book titles and history specific to that county.

From what or whom did the name of each county originate? Click here to find out.

County Date
Parent County County
Albany 1683 original county Albany
Allegany 1806 Genesee Belmont
Bronx 1914 New York Bronx
Broome 1806 Tioga Binghamton
Cattaraugus 1808 Genesee Little Valley
Cayuga 1799 Onondaga Auburn
Charlotte 1772 Albany renamed Washington in 1784
Chautauqua 1808 Genesee Mayville
Chemung 1798 Tioga Elmira
Chenango 1798 Herkimer, Tioga Norwich
Clinton 1788 Washington Plattsburgh
Columbia 1786 Albany Hudson
Cortland 1808 Onondoga Cortland
Delaware 1797 Ulster, Otsego Delhi
Dutchess 1683 original county Poughkeepsie
Erie 1821 Niagara Buffalo
Essex 1799 Clinton Elizabethtown
Franklin 1808 Clinton Malone
Fulton 1838 Montgomery Johnstown
Genesee 1802 Ontario Batavia
Greene 1800 Ulster, Albany Catskill
Hamilton 1816 Montgomery Lake Pleasant
Herkimer 1791 Montgomery Herkimer
Jefferson 1805 Oneida Watertown
1683 Original county Brooklyn
Lewis 1805 Oneida Lowville
Livingston 1821 Genesee, Ontario Geneseo
Madison 1806 Chenango Wampsville
Monroe 1821 Genesee, Ontario Rochester
Montgomery 1772 Albany (as Tryon to 1784) Fonda
Nassau 1899 Queens Mineola
New York City
1683 Original county New York
Niagara 1808 Genesee Lockport
Oneida 1798 Herkimer Utica
Onondaga 1794 Herkimer Syracuse
Ontario 1789 Montgomery Canandaigua
Orange 1683 Original county Goshen
Orleans 1824 Genesee Albion
Oswego 1816 Oneida, Onondaga Oswego, Pulaski
Otsego 1791 Montgomery Cooperstown
Putnam 1812 Dutchess Carmel
Queens 1683 Original county Jamaica
Rensselaer 1791 Albany Troy
Staten Island
1683 Original county St. George
Rockland 1798 Orange New City
St. Lawrence 1802 Clinton, Herkimer, Montgomery Canton
Saratoga 1791 Albany Ballston Spa
Schenectady 1809 Albany Schenectady
Schoharie 1795 Albany, Ostego Schoharie
Schuyler 1854 Tompkins, Steuben, Chemung Watkins Glen
Seneca 1804 Cayuga Ovid, Waterloo
Steuben 1796 Ontario Bath
Suffolk 1683 Original county Riverhead
Sullivan 1809 Ulster Monticello
Tioga 1791 Montgomery Owego
Tompkins 1817 Cayuga, Seneca Ithaca
Tryon 1772 Albany (renamed Montgomery 1784)
Ulster 1683 Original county Kingston
Warren 1813 Washington Lake George
Washington 1772 Albany (see Charlotte) Hudson Falls
Wayne 1823 Ontario, Seneca Lyons
Westchester 1683 Original county White Plains
Wyoming 1841 Genesee Warsaw
Yates 1823 Ontario, Steuben Penn Yan

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